So you’ve managed to make it all the way from seed, through your vegging stage and your homegrown dagga plants are now flowering.
You’re almost at the end of your journey, but there’s one more very important aspect to know before you get to trimming, drying and curing your bud – the harvest.
Female cannabis plants tend to flower for anywhere between 6 and 13 weeks, depending on the genetic lineage of the plant.
Plants which are full
Knowing your dagga plant’s genetics
If you’re growing from bad seed, it may be difficult for you to get an idea of how long you’re going to be waiting until you harvest, though the thickness of the leaves will assist you later in the plant’s life as it begins to show either wide or narrow bladed leaves.
Narrow leaves are a genetic trait from the
Seeds acquired from a breeding company will typically state how long the flowering time is on the strain, though it should be noted that these values are not absolutes, and you’ll still need to be able to manually discern what a mature flowering plant looks like versus an immature flower that is not yet ready for harvest.
Pistils and Trichomes
Pistils are the reproductive area of the female cannabis
plant, the thin hairs that catch the pollen to induce fertilization. It is made
of the ovule, style and the stigma. These are the same parts of the plant you
look at when determining the sex.
The trichomes are the extremely small lumps found on the
calyx and sugar leaves of the plant, these are where your terpenes are housed
in and the trichome is what you can thank for your high.
The stigma is the part of the
As the female dagga flowers mature, the stigma
If your plant is still showing white stigma across your buds, it’s certainly not yet ready for harvest. However, once you start to see these stigma turn mostly orange, you can start focusing on the trichomes for a more accurate representation of when to harvest.
Trichomes also change colour as the plant matures, starting our as translucent mushroom looking features, turning cloudy towards harvest and then becoming amber in colouration.
If your bud is showing mostly orange stigma, it’s likely that your trichomes have already started to become ‘cloudy’ and almost milky.
When these trichomes are milky, the plant is at its highest in THC. As these trichomes turn to amber, the THC starts to convert into CBN a compound that is associated with couch lock and a more sleepy high. In order to see what your trichomes look like, most growers will use a
Which trichome colouration to harvest at?
Harvesting your bud when the trichomes are mostly cloudy, but before they have turned amber and with some clear
This is probably the closest harvest time for those looking for a more ‘psychedelic’ high, though many do not enjoy the dizziness that tends to be more prominent with this harvest period.
One of the more common harvest periods, is when the trichomes have matured to the point of being cloudy but also with some having converted into CBN and turned amber. 10-30% amber is my personal favourite, especially for
Some growers will seek to offset these attributes by harvesting later on
Harvesting when your plant is showing more than 30% amber is generally considered a late harvest, and is sought after more by those seeking medicinal assistance with body pain or insomnia.
The conversion of THC to CBN is not all bad news, and CBN can play a great role in the medicinal use of cannabis. CBN is a great medicinal cannabinoid and studies have linked it to pain relief, anti-inflammation, anti-convulsant and as a sleeping aid. CBN is also a promoter of the appetite, and is often responsible for that all too well known “munchies” and “couch-lock”.
Harvesting is a personal thing
Now that you know what to look for when you are getting ready to harvest your dagga plant, you just need to decide what you’re hoping to get out of the plant.
If you’re looking to just get high and be active or social, harvesting in a mostly cloudy or light amber period is probably best for you. If you’re looking for something to smoke, while sinking into your bed and watching a movie before sleep, you can harvest a bit later with more amber trichomes.
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